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A: oa paa po opo oa  o ac ocpa a  pa.
o: apo .., pa 1001-2                            _________
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popa: ..., o oca O..           ________        ________
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oca 2013
Copa
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aa 1. opa oaa  pa copo o o 󻅅5
1.1. opa oaa. co opo oa  o o 󅅅.5
1.2. Oco p, o  p opo oa腅..7
1.3. apapca  oop acca popaoo oc  o ocpao 󅅅13
1.4. aca acca ҅.16
aa 2. oc oco p op oo  o ocpao 󻅅26
2.1. op  o aco 󅅅..26
2.2. cooo-aoc ac opoo o30
2.3. o ac coc  . Oco ac coca   c p򅅅.31
2.4. oc oco p op oo  oppoa coopo  coocco o酅38
aa 3. oa paa po opo oa  o ac ocpa a  pa ........43
3.1. poa oa c cooa   o ocpao  ..43
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Cco pap53


     

      XXI  opao oo ca a aopo, op pa oca  o co  copo opaoo a. coc  p op ac o aoo oaa a, o oc aoao cc opaoa,  cocooc aao oa a cop o opaooo a. C po copo, opaca po  co oo pa ocpa   cc oo cpo opaoa. Pocc  c c. a ocpa o paccapac  Pocc a a aop coao-oocoo, ao-coo  poo popcca. ocpa  () ac    ao opoa  ac cpa ccopoo opaooo oa, aoc aoa p, co oc ooc oc. opaca opoc cpa  caca, coco cooa ocpa   oo oc pa o oa.  opoc  coca coa aa.
 aa  coco  o, o: 
1) coa co pacoo oa o  aoo aoc, pa a o o, oop oo  ao  po co aoc  opco. 
2) apoa oaa oc aoc  pocc o ocpa a. Cop aoc oo a, a o  copc, poa oa, cooa o opao oo, p  pcpco ooa paoa oco-oppoa oo  o, oca aa  pa o c o cocooc ,  po ooc, cooc.
Aaoc ccoa  o, o ccoa oc oco p op oo  o ocpa a  pa, opoo paccp ao co aa op  o a,   oooc, poaapoa ac  op oo  o .
oo  ccoa c poc ooo ccoa   ac oooc cop op oo p o ocpa a  pa.
aa ccoa:
1. Op p opo oa  o ocpa  a  pa  cc copoo opaoa.
2.  cooo-aoc ocooc cooa op oo  o pocc.
3. poaapoa ac  op oo p o ocpao .
4. Oaoc c aco acca op oo.
5. ccoa oc oco p op oo  oppoa coopo  coocco o.











aa 1. opa oaa  pa copo o o 
1.1. opa oaa. co opo oa  o o .

                 ,    .   ,     ?
     opa oaa  oac oa,  a op  pa  op  o . opa oaa co caa c co co, papaoa   cccoo a, aa op popa  coo.
oa    o 50- oo, cp 60-, aaa 70-.  ccoa oop o  aa pa oa  paoo (traditional, conventional CALL)  copo (current, modern CALL).
     p a oaa 60-80 o XX a.    apapo cooa opa c  oa  a po oc  aca a. Ocoo a  aa pocca o  oooc pao a oppoa oo o ac.  pacpocpa  popa oo p ppoo  ppooo-opop (tutorial/ drill and practice)  paa    o c, paa  a a po oc, a   co.
     opo a  opo  o  (current CALL),   90- o XX a,  ca c ac  c oooc opo, a  ,  o cpc a, oo CD-ROM, pca, pa, oao oo.  cpca oo cooa op  pao a c a po oc    paoo o c oc aoo a  co   co op.
 opo  o  paac   :
1.   .
2.   ()   oo cp    .
     A a cc p apa ccoa  a .  po paa opc papao  opo  o . o opo oocc oca poo o papao  cooa  o pocc op op popa, paa  pa  ao. p apa cc  pa opoo o  o pocc o .[10, 1]-           ,                    ,   .
       a , o   ap caco   opoo o , po oo aa a aoc opo oa  coo, a a ccoa o  aoc o-op.   oopa O  c cooa opo: oc  oaa (1997) o  c c, a oopo oaaa c oa  p  a, oaa cco  a  pa:
     opc  pa ac opo oa papaaac  pa cpa    30- .  copao a oo  3 apa ccoa:
      po paa ccoa, oc papao opc aco  op  o . o ac,   , c o a, ocoo c a poooc ccoa opo oa a caocooo paa o o .  paoa aoo apa : 
-cooo-aoc po opa o;
-opoc oo op popa;
-opoc aa oa op popa;
-  coco pa opo   pocc; 
-oooc pa oa ao  pocc o c  opo   p po.
     opo  oca poo o papao    o pocc op op popa,   pa pa ao (app, popa  o paa, c,  caoc  ..). o ccoa aoo a ocoo ooc o   paoa.
     p apa   pa opoo o  o pocc o   papaaa   opaoo cooa op popa a a o . o apa pca oco a  pacoo p op oo  o pocc.

1.2. Oco p, o  p opo oa.

     pooca cca op o c  op aoc  , cop a o, o op     pc  poaa pa c,  o c  a.  op o, ca c op o, a  oco, a   apo o cc  oco po. p o aco o po opc pa o, , a, pa p o   op ooo  oo  o.  a p  apao cc p,  o a pa aa pa opo . oop   c  cap, p coc  c pa, a ac o po  oa pooo pacpocpa.
     Cao  pa pooco cc op o c cooa opo  co cao c poo co .     apapa opa o, ocoa,  co op, pa co .
      p o ccoa poo-c cc () a p a o o c, aoac, po, aa: ca a, poo-ca aa, aoapoa cc (pa, opoa). Cooco   c  a o, a pa ca, ca ca, aoaca opaoa ca, cc aoa, aoapoa o opao  pa cc a, aoaa poa, a o a, a po, po coap, aoapoa oa cc, aoapoa cc opao p.
       pocoo c pa poo-ca aa po op, oop c  aco p op. Cooco ca op a p, a: pcoa op (o  ao-o p apao  pooa  p pcoaa ̻), opa a, op oo, opa ca, op coap, op po.  oc o ap c o op poo pacpocpa o p opao oo, o/o opao oo,  oop opac cop oooc opo   oa.
      apo pap c oc ccoa, ca c  op  o, ooaac pa Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI), Computer Based Instruction (CBI), Computer Assisted Learning, Computer Aided Learning (CAL), Computer Based Learning (CBL), Computer Based Training (CBT), Computer Managed Instruction (CMI) .
      aa 90- oo oc o p: opao oo (Information Technology  IT), a cc o, o c  a op cc (Intelligent Tutoring Systems  ITS, Intelligent Computer Assisted Instruction  ICAI), a  p technology, o c c cpca o,  o  c op oo. Pa o,   a p: managed - based - assisted / aided, op oco cp p opo  opaoa, a o:
1)  opaa    pocc - Computer Managed Instruction (CMI);
2) o  cao poo cc oo coa  o  o popapoa o pao c pa  oa popaa - Computer Based Instruction (CBI), Computer Based Learning (CBL), Computer Based Training (CBT);
3)  op   - Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI), Computer Assisted Learning, Computer Aided Learning (CAL), Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS), Intelligent Computer Assisted Instruction (ICAI).
      o, o  oc p po  c pa  o: instruction  learning.  p Computer Assisted Instruction - o c  opa - opac  po opa,    poaa. p - Computer Assisted Learning -  o-o c  opa -   po oa  pocc  a.[46]
      op oac op  pa  op  o  oc ca p: Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL)   a c  opa  Computer Aided Language Instruction (CALI)  o   opa. o  opoo o  o  ac ooao coc p Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI), a p CALL  CAI   oopoo p ccoa paopao,  op  pa p op  o  p CALL,  ap oooc  a, ca o pacpocpa. Ooa a pa CALL    c o o Intelligent Computer Assisted Language Learning (ICALL)  a cc o , Computer Enhanced Language Learning (CELL), Technology Enhanced Language Learning (TELL)  o , co c / op cpca), Computer Mediated Communication (CMC)  oa c cooa opa  p. Cpaa c  p, a  po c ap  o pa CALL: 
o learning opa oooc  co aaoa cpc, poca opo   ,  o p a o instruction  oooc cooa opa oo  o po pao - ppo  opo;
o aided  assisted  o opo  aoo, oaao o oooc ooa  o, a  o oa  pa po;
  o op  poo cc, pooao coo  aa oa Sun Microsystems: C - o op,   p  poo cc p CALL, oop oca   ca   c oooc,  o c ao    oc 90- oo - c p. 
     , p CALL - Computer Assisted Language Learning - ocac ooa  oaa c oc opc  pa po, ca c op o , o oooc po aa  papao popa o cooo-aoc aco  opo  o . 
      oco pap oa  cooc  poo a  op o  opco  pao c, a    op  o  o.  coap (a oc, a   p ) p CAI, CAL, CBL, CBI opc a aoapoao o, aoapoaa oooa, o; aoapoao ao, popapoao o; aoapoao o, o c cooa ̻.  a p coc o opo o ( o o paooo, opoo, copoo, oopoo), opoao o, op / opao oo () o, opa opa o.  opco  pao c  opoco, ca c p opo  o , opc a opa o.  .. (1991) aa  oac opo c aopco (popap) co, pa aopc oo  o ocpa a. Papaaa opo-paac o opoo o    ca o opa, ca aop, aopca ca aac oa o ocpa a c  poo-c cpc.[46, 11]
      oc   ac oooo aa CALL aa  p opa oaa, o pa opa aa (aaoa CAI), oop o  o  op   o  o,  cc. p opa oaa  paoc ao oac o   cp o   a opc  pac ac  op. , oo oop o oooc  po opo o  op c cp cooa opo  o  pa opa oaa -   op  o .[11]
Oco p opo oa.
     O apapooc paa pcoaoo opa  ac pooo coo cpca o (CO) c aoaoc   opao c. ac pca pcoaoo opa,  cpa c p cpca o c: ooaoc, paoc, aooo aoc, ooopa oo po opaao op  pao.  ac cpca o op   paoa c pca    (CO).  o p,  p op  pocc o papoao poa, p  c cpoca,  oo  coocoa op pa.  opo oa pa cac c p cooa coo cpca o (): 
ocooc;
oooc;
opaoc;
aoc.

p ocooc.

 o op co p   ()  acoc o copa,   aa o, opac ocooc ooa, a a coo o o.

p oooc.

 p   () oo  o ca, c o oo oc oc oo pocca o ao-o apap, a o:  copoc co apaa, apoa p oc, oc o  ao    , o pao poaa  oaoo,  p o; 

p opaoc.

Pacpa pca opa  ac cpca cpaoo-opaooo oc oo pocca, oco   ()   ooa o acao oco opa  paa . po oo, cp CO op ao co cooc opao-po apap o ocpao .

p aoc.

  a oooc po cpao pop ao opo popa  o, a a a a aa opaaoo ooo  a c  pcoaoo opa ().

1.3. apapca  oop acca popaoo oc   o ocpao 

     O apapc  pca cooa popaoo oc ()  o ocpao :
-paoc;
-aaoc; 
-oc pca opa; 
-aa o;
-oppoa o oa opa;
-oco oc a pa aa ocp  cooa ca, a, a, o;
-opao oco opa  aa; 
-o poca popao opao c;
-oooc cao ooo ooa  pao c popao.
     Cc   paoopa oa popa   acca, o c  oo pa a oa, pa  cpa.
     Oaa opa popaa c cpo, oop opa caoco pao oa  pa , ocoo  pocc ppooo pao c o  p apao. o  op  co pa  oc po.
o a coc c  aa p o aco :
1. opoco-o ao: ooo a p o a opoc opo popa, co    ac oco  c oo apa, copac  opoc.
2. ao c opo oo: oa pa o   pa paa apao.
3. ao co cooo ocpp oo: ao ocac popao co c oo apaa oo a a oca opo opoc, c , o oc o a  o paoc oa.
4. pa a ao poco: ooo ao poc, co   oca   pcc co, oop o pc a ocpa     o op. 
5. pa  caoopo a coap. oo apa a  pa:
a) op paa cco co  poa;
) op paa cooc a cca co  a a ap  co  oo a;
) op paa cooc a cca ocpa co  cao ap coo  aoo;
) op   cco ocpa co  p   co. O oaoo pc co ao coo c cooc  .
     acca popa o a   aa, cca  apo op opoo o, a c  paooc:
-ao poco (gapfilling);
-oc op (multiple-choice);
-occao opa co  po,  po / pao ca (sequencing);
-cao cooc (matching);
-pocp ca (total-deletion).
     Cp o   o pa  pa aa o apoa, a, paoa a poo, ac p   cpa   c aoo  p.
     pa (capoa) popaa aac popa,      aoaa pa pocco  o oo pao, (app, oooa co, popa opopa, ao a, oc opa  p.):
1) popa-aao oo oco, paoo cooac  o , app po coap, paac cpao, o;
2) popa, aoap o a cooa aa, a popa opopa, paa, cacca, c;
3) popa, oppoa a pac opoc ooa:  coca o c o opaa, aao a paoopo, aap pap, cc aoo poa, paop co, po a, ac cc, ap, po popa.
      o  co pc c  popa, o  p op  paop co, popa pop opopa  paa, c, a a op (po) coap.
     cpaa popaa(cpaa cpa, cpao cpco) popaa, paaa  papao poaa coc, aopc pco. cpa cpca o  caoco popa   ac  cpp oa popa. [2, 10, 11]
o oo copa   p popa:
a) oppoa a oo apa  cc pao  oco. app, popaa poccop c coaa a oco oo oco o o ..co oc pa o aco   paa o paa R.Murphy English Grammar In Use;
) co opao oo copa  c aoo o oo  cc  oco. ppo o c popaa  o aco, o  paco a Triple Play Plus.
     c paooc oa popa o co    a.   pa  pocc o ooo o opoo pca c oo apa, cpp popa,  ococa  oca. a ocoa  oa oa oooc, poca popao, oo pa p o o, a o o  a popa  o pocc.

1.4. aca acca 
     
     o opa  oo  copo a cc oo pa ooo  op pa opao oo ().   p ca c  o: opa  oo.
 	 , opac  op  opa  oo. oo (o pc techne - acpco, ccco  logos - o, ) opc a coooc a o cocoa  cpca occ pocco, p oop poco aco  oa.   oa oo - o coooc pocco,  opao  ppao apao, p  ao-o , acpc, ccc, a a ao oca cocoo pooca, coooc a o cocoa  cpca occ pocco, p oop poco aco  oa. p opa (o acoo informatio - pac, o) poaao ooaa c, paa o ooo oa  po co, co    a-o co cao  c  a-o c cpc.
     C cp XX a o opa cao oa.  o ca ooaa  c, paa: o oa  o, o oa   cpoc, o ooo  cpoca  po, o oo  oo ca  po, o ooo opaa  po, o oo opaa  po  . . Cc a  paoa o: opa - o c o coco a-o oo,  pcop  popaa  ao ccoa, pa   a,  o   oc aa  aaa ,  paa  p oa. 
     a   caao, op p   һ co  coooc paccop a  o: oo  opa. , opaoa oo -  pop, pa  , o, ao, pa, opao, aaa  pa opa  opa cpp c  cpc co , ,  coa, coooc pocco p  ppao   opa  oca  pocco.    () c aco oppoa  cooa opao pcpco  cooc c opoc ooa. oa   () c o opao a.  ac cpc   () ca aac, c, popa, opao, aapa  p. cpca.
      oc opao oo () apc  ac o coo, popaoo, opaooo, ocoo  opaaooo oc. co oc () - o pcoa op (), opa,  c, oopoa c.  opaoo oo, ac o co ocaoc (po, aoapoa, a)  a cop, opao  pa opa. Pa co   co a c. ,   o o, pcoa op oopo caoc  opo , coao, oc  pooo pa ooa. op ocaac cpo oao oooc, copoc oa, o oa a, capa, cpoca pacoaa ooca  pocoo ca. popao oc (), aoc  po acoc o coo  opaooo oc, pa  ao, opao, aaa, pa, pca c opo. opaoo oc - coooc a, pca  opo op  opo opao. Opaaoo  oco oc pca coo  pop, apa a opoa opa  popaoo oc ()  o cooo paa.
        coca   () c coopaoc,  ooo  cpp, aoc c  cpo, ococ, pa o p. Paccop a coca. coopaoc - aa  paa opaoo oo coco  o oc pooca a a cooa cop -  (), pacpo ppao opa, pacp a a, pa opao c c (C)   oc p  ppao opa.
      c pa oo  cppa: oa oo - o opo copa pocco p  ppao opa; cppa opaoo oo: ppa opaoo oo - o p opaa, pcaa coo aoc opa  ooo, o   o p: oop oo  a a. o po oac - coooc oca, oca aooa  ooa: caca pp  papaoa. Oopa oo - coooc aapa cpc aoaa, ccoo  cpaoo popaoo oc (), a oco oop pac occ pa  ppao () opa. aa a pca coo coooc a, pac  a -  (). a a oo pa a coa (.. a o -o  o)  ccoa, (.. a o -o opo).  coao a pac ooo, a  ccoao pac ooo c aoa, oop  aa a a.   coa, aa a pca oopa po oac. Oa a  c a a (pa opa - ao aa, ao-ca opa, o-pooca opa, cooaa opa, opaa p pao opa pp). Cc pa cc  cpa cpca: Aapa cpca; - Cco   (O); - cpao   (O) (a.  cc popapoa,  ca, oo popapoa); - oa o pa  ppao opa. Pao ooc oca c coooc pa  cc opaoo-ooc pocco. aoc c  cpo - aoc opaoo oo () c oa pa, aoc pp  cca, ao, pooc popa  c cpc aoaa. ococ - opaoa oo c oco cco,   pa aa,  coc  oo   ooo. Paa o p - oc aoc pa opaoo oo,  oa,  cpp,  o ooo.
     acca o  paoc  oo, o pao o, o, paoo   cooa opao oo  pa cpa  oca ooa  papa acca. acca opao oo ac o pp acca.  ac pp o ca oaa  coooc pao,   a op o  o opaoo oo. ppo aoo pp o c ooac pc (coooc po aoc c opo), pac opaoo cco.   () pac a  o p: oo c pao  c oo paoc.   () c pao paoc paa c oo,   pa opa  cpppoao . Ca o a  a a  a, oc, c, p  ..  oo op  pao pao p  cco oa oc  opoo o cpppo opa.  ao ca ooa papac oo paoa c  cc a,  o o.   () c oo paoc cop oo, oca po oc  opa, pac  opao c   a-o oc, o oo paa,   oo . 
     acca o oac p  o c co.......................
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