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   CEPCO OPAOA  A PEC AAXCA
   APAAC OCAPCE EXEC EPCE
   
   
    622.112.3(574.3)                                                        a paax poc
   
   
   
   Aaea Apa Peoa
   
   
   XAPAEP PACPEEE OPO PO PAPAAAEX OX ACO 10  12 AX E . EAEA
   
   
   
   acepca ccepa a coca ao cee acpa o apae 
   6070600 eoo  paea ecopoe oex coaex
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   a pooe
   aa eo.-. a
   pea ..
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   apaaa 2014

   Coepae
   
   opae c
   4
   eee
   5
   1 eoo ecopoe
   7
   1.1 Oe cee o apaaco oo accee
   7
   1.2 pae cee o ecopoe
   9
   1.3  Cpapa
   9
   2 eoa
   12
   3  
   18
   4    
   26
   5 o opo po eocx aco cpee oc                        apaaco c
   
   36
   5.1Aepo  ap
   36
   5.2  eca
   36
   6 Xapaep pacpeee oo opo po eocx aco  10, 12 cpee oc apaaco c
   
   39
   6.1 Xapaep pacpeee oo opo po ooo aca 10   
   cpee oc apaaco c
   
   39
   6.2 Xapaep pacpeee oo opo po ooo aca 12 cpee oc apaaco c
   
   41
   aee  
   43
     
   45
    1
   50
    2
   51
    3
   52
    4
   53
    5
   54
    6
   55
    7
   56
   
   
Aoa
   
   
   acep ccepaa  . eae aa? axac? ?apa?a cac? opa ca acc?   10,  12 ?p ?aaap a cap? aa?? opaac e? aa epe. 
   epe apca  . eae aa? axac? ?apa?a cac? opa ca acc?  10,  12 ?p ?aaap a cap? aa?? opaac apaap aca.
   ?p ?aaap apa ee a? ?pa?? apa ??eep oa oa?a, e . eae aa? axac? eoa? ?? eapaca ?apa?a cac? opa ca acc?   10,  12 ?p ?aaap a cap? aepa ?e cpapa? opaac epe a?ca?a ?o. Oc a?ca?a e ? apa ?cap? ?eep ?oa, aa? oa  a cap? ?aap? ?eep oa epo ?ee a a cap? ?e oe aca. Co?a aae ?p ?aaap? o? ?a??a e? ?ee a a cap? ?a? aa. 
   acep ?c? ?e e ?ae epe ?p ?aaap a a cap ac? e? e aa?? opaac a??ap a o aa. Aa ?o?a a?ca?a e ? e? ?a ?e epe ? ?p ?aaap a?a. a a cap? opaac apaap ??p ? axa aa?? epee eoa? ? a?a.        
   a a cap? opaac apaap ??p?aa e apaap eee, aae. 
           
   

   opae cc
   
    acoe poee cooa cc a cee caap:
   C P 1.5-2000 Oe peoa  ocpoe, oe, oopee  coepa caapo.
   C P 1.12-2000 oee opae ecoe. Oe peoa  ocpae, oe, oope  coepa.
   OC 2.106-96 EC. ecoe oe.
   OC 2.105-95 EC. Oe peoa  oe ocpopcx  exooecx oeo a eaax  paecx cpocax oa .
   OC 2.104-68 EC. Ocoe ac.
   OC 2.109-73 EC. Ocoe peoa  epea.
   OC 2.301-68 EC. opa.
   C CP.4.2.3-03.05-2003
   OC 2.304-81 EC. p epee.
   OC 2.316-68 EC. paa aecee a epeax ace. execx peoa  a.
   OC 2.503-90 EC. paa ece ee.
   OC 6.38-90 C. Ccea opaaoo-pacapeo oea. peoa  oope oeo. 
   OC 7.32-91. Ccea caapo opa, oeo  aeco e. 
   OC 8.417-81 C. E ecx e.
   OC 21.1101-92 CC. Ocoe peoa  paoe oea. peoae  oope oeo.
   OC 7.32-91 Ccea caapo o opa, oeo  aeco e.
   OC 8.417-81 C. E ecx e.
   OC 21.1101-92 CC. Ocoe peoa  paoe oea.
   OC 28.388-89 Ccea opao opa, oe a ax ocex ax. opo oe  opae.
   

   eee
   
          xapaep pacpeee opo po papaaaex ox aco 10  12 ax e . eaea.   . .              18  7.     3  -      .     8   -   .  2-3        - ,     .  ,        .
         -       , -       -     .
      ,             ,          papaaaex ox aco 10  12.
               ,          ,           .
           ,  , ,  ,  ,    .
           ,  , ,  ,  ,    .
    ,        ,   ,    (    ),       .
                . . ,          ,         ,     .
        .          ,   .
    .       -          ,               .     ,                         .
    .                       .
    .                ,         ,          . 
     :
   1.                  .
   2.   -    ,      ,    .
   3.                   .
   4.                  .
    .    cooa a ao oo a,     a o ooc oo  cao ocac o o o,   pacpeee opo po papaaaex ox aco 10  12 ax.  oaaoa  oca.
   


   1 eoo ecopoe	
   
   1.1  Oe cee o apaaco oo accee
   
   apaac o acce axc  apaaco oac    poo apae a 120 , p pe 30 . a oa accea cocae  3600 2,  x eoce ooe apoa cca ooo 2000 2.
   apaac o acce pacooe  cpee ac ccooo accea p. p, p axc  peeax p-axacoo oopaea. Pee paoa pecae coo oc pa, p ce eocooo, c ooce pee 30 .  eocoo pa  c a acax pacpocpaex   o-ocao opaoa eoa, coca opaee accea. epaa  ac accea xapaepe c pa eao  a pee.
   co eocoo pacpocpaec  apae   o accea,  paoe op aae (acoa coa o 815,1 ). a ocao eppop pa  eocoo c aco oea a opao o 500 o 600 , peo o 750 .
   apaac  acce  ppaec a cc  cca Cap-Apc eca.  pace  cpee ac c accea p. p, p axc  peeax p-axac paea. Pee paa xapaepec peec cec, a e  axc a ca ac p e-axac  paea. E ppae  pcx  ee e pee ea pa paa  e  ax e. Pee paa pecae  e c pa, p ce ec, e  cee pee 25-30 . ec pa  c a acax  px pacpcpae e  -cae paa ea, ccae paee accea. epa  ac accea  ca pa ea-a pee.
   ec cex  peea ee ec p-ea pcxe, p peec a c   ec.  e ec pecae c pee pae accea. 
    pec a pee  aca ppe  xc- . E xapaep ce pe, ae caee ep, pe, c paceee c. c ec ce  c  e-eex ae-aax pp pc paca. 
   pe ac apaac accea pecaea pa pee. Pa  eeec e ec p a, ae a,   eae, a-eae  ae. 
   c ec pacpcpaec   apae  accea c ac e  c  815,1 ,  pae p aae. a ce caec eppp paaec  ec  c c ac ea  500  600 , pe ca e   750 . 
    eca   ee ce c 100-25  pacpcpaee ae pe.  pa  peeax paa pe pae pcpaca a ceep, aa  c acx. a   -c ac  ec cc  ceep-aa pa p aae,pe pa a e  epacc p pe, ec c ac e-axac paea.  e e ae ac  e ca  eca cac c p c-xc epxc, pa pacceea  pea   e pea, a  aaa. Ace e, pecae a   ec, ec  peeax  520  710 . pec  ec  c epe ec a ec pax . x  cae  pc aee. 
   Pae pece  ec peea cee ee, eec cpee ex ac  e p cppac  ee aee - eep epa. 
   a paa caec a pe ea,  ca a pa c e ee  epa ac Epac aepa  e  ,    e xapaepa ppaec cec, cepe, e aec  px pcx e   ..
    Pea pa, pa ec a apepe paa, ece c e caa ac p  a  cax pe, aaec c ceepx c axa - pc paea. 
   cae pa x   ax cee, pe paee  cppac a e-aax ax c ae ace e a cax. aee p   ax p.pa  ee p,    ppe c aceex .  p paa ae ee  c c ce  aceec paa.
   apaac acce  cpp e ppe  aa ac e cp,   p apae.  e cpe pa ace p papa paca  pcxe. p  xapaep ep paa ec e paea ac a, cea paec ceep ac paa  ac aec caac,   pe a  paa xapaepac eca pe a pe ce epc a. [1]
   
   
   1.2 pae cee o ecopoe
   
   pao o oo eapae AO ca-ape 64 o 16.06.1998 oa axa . eaea  axa .50-e CCCP c 01.07.1998 oa acpao oee  o pooce e-ax . eaea.
   Oeee ax pecopeo a ae ax .50-e CCCP.
   oe ax . eaea eeo  epao ac ceepo-aaoo pa apaaco ca a ox acax 18  10  8-7. Ce c oe ax c ax Aacca, oca  a o-aae  xaoca  a ceepo-ocoe.
   epe oe ax poxo acapoaoe occe, coeee . apaa c opoa  ca: Capa, Aa, axc  oceo axa. o occe poxo eeoopoa ea, caa ax c p axa  ooae apa paoa.  epao ac aca axoc Capxaca ooaea apa,  o pa pacooe oceo Aac, p ao  apep oo aoa. a  o-ocoa ac o ax a cao aca oeoo caooca  ecoocaa.
   axa papaaae ac 18, 15 - 10  8-7.
   oepa ocox e ax apaec a eapece ao aaxcaa  oo paa, popo  a eoe epoca. opee pox  copox epeecx e c aaxca, pca, eca  aco Pocc.
   paa aca c: a ceepo-aae  xo ox aco o eooce ooe; a o-ocoe - opo -200 ; a o-aae - oe ax Aacca; a ceepo-ocoe  ocoe - oe ax xaoca.
   
   
   1.3  Cpapa
   
    eooeco cpoe  axa . eaea cea ooe apoooo, pcoo, eoeooo  eepoo opaco.
   apooe ooe pecae oc papeo apaaco c,  p  ooc ccae o 600    ac aapaaco c ooc p ec 350 . apaac c caa eca, aepo, ap  o ac o 1 o 20. apaaca ca xapaepec  ce epe epecaae ecao-cx opo  poaco  eooo ooc o 0,2 o 0,5 .
   oa e aca 6  7 caaec ecaa, aepoa  apa ooc 26-33 ;  e eec poco ap eo-eeoa  oo coc, c ooao cppo, pa ee appee aee.
   a aco 7 aeae o ac 8. a pa x paee eec  ceepo-ocoo apae o 0 o 10 , a ae 20 , o ocoeo paceee; oa ppea  ep epe   ecaa, a po  oa aco ce apa.
    ac papea appe ae  epe,  p ooc ccae 2-5   poe aca 8 .
   ac 9 pacooe e 8 a pacco o 15 o 24 . ooc paee o eaec  apae c o-aaa a ceepo-oco; caae ee opo pecae  ocoo ecaa, a aepo axoc oo  poe  oe aco.
   oa  30 e aca 9  10 coea cpeeepc, ce ecaa c aepooo ao. Ap  aepo peca po  o aco.
   e aca 10 aeae copoa epoa oa peeceo ceo-cepx cpeeepcx ecao, oea eo o aca 12 a ceepo-ocoe aca  o aca 11 a ocao oa, e  peae pacee  ac aca 12 popea caocoeoe aee  ecpec aco 11. ooc ecao e aca 12  11 oceeo opacae  apae pacee c ceepo-ocoa a o-aa o 0 o 30 .
   oa oa opo e aca 12, oea eo aca 13, pecae  ocoo ecaa, caa  epx ac o; ap  aepo aea  oe  poe ox aco  pocoe 121  122, a ae  cpee ac papea.  apax po 12 coepc aa eeo opoa 3. ooc o o 110 o 90.[1]
   e aca 13- 14 aeae 25-epoa oa, pecaea oo-  eoepc ecaa co cao eeoa oeo; ap  aepo e oeoe pae; oo  o-ocoo ac oeaeo oa paea oa eaec o 10   ooc coea aepoa  apa
   e aca 14 pacooea o 45 o 55-epoa oa oo-  eoepcx ecao ooo cocaa eeoaoo ea, o ec app  papea c. eca oe ac 14 o p cex e coo aco 15-16-17 , aex  o 5 o 10-epoo oe apo.  p x ox aco oo ac 15 ee pao ooc.
   e aco 15-16-17 a pacco o 50 o 40  aeae epx pao ac apaaco c 18. Caaa oa pecaea ecaa, aepoa  apa.
   Paea oa e aca 18  19 pecaea  ocoo cpeeepc, ce ecaa; aepo  ap aea  cpee ac o, a ae  poe  oe aca.  apax po aca 18 o cea cpc a cex oca aepoa  eo c 181, ee appee aee  o ac papea.
   oa 80-epoo ooc epeeaxc ecao, aepoo  apo oee ac 19 o epxeo aca apaaco c 20;  ee coe peoaa eca cex oo po epcoc, aca paecx  ooepaox. Oeaec ae ox aco 191, 192, 193 eepao ooc. a aco 20 oa cpeaec aa oo opoa 4.
   a pao oepxoc eoco o apoa aea  paco-pce ooe. x ooc opacae c ceepo-aaa a o-oco o 300 . pecae o px  o ooepaa, pao epcoc ecaa, apa, aepoa  eco o ooc aca px e.[1]
   a ace pa 3 c: capaca, oca  cca.
   Capaca ca (T3r - J1sr.)  c pe o ecoace aeae a paoopacx ooex aeoo. xo a e oepxoc  peeax ceepoo pa apaaco a  e poo ooc, aaec  ocea aa  poceaec o ocea oa.
   Ca, coea peeceo cpee-  poae ooepaa cepoo  eeoao-cepoo ea, poepc ecaa  aepoa, e oopaoe aeae.
   ooc c oo paa o 30 o 140     paoe xaocoo poooo ecopoe, pacooeoo  epao ac apaaco a, ocae 230 .
   oca ca (J1db). Ooe oco c coaco aea a capaco ce, a  ecax, e oce occe, c o ecoace a opoax aeoocoo opaca.
   Coea oca ca eo-  cpeeepc ecaa, aepoa, apa, eo-  cpeeae ooepaa  aca px e. oeco e ocae 20.
    oco c xapaepo ococo ooecoo cocaa. a aeo oa ocaeo eppop peoe aeee ooepcx opo poooo pocxo  a o-aae  o-ocoe apaaco a  a ceepe epxe-Copco.
   ooc c opacae   o 120 o 190 .
   cca ca (J2m). aoee opo cco c aee aao opoo poo a ocaoaoe. Oa c pao  eo o ecoace aeae a ooex oco  capaco c, a  paoe acoo o, paeeo  ceepo ac accea apaac  epxe-Copc a,  a oex oax ccoo aca  a eocx aoex opaoax  a eoco apoe.  c, xapaepa pea aaa eoc. Coea oa  ocoo eo -  cpeeae ooepaa, ecaa, pee aepoa  apa c aoo oopa poco px e. ooc c o 30 o 250 .
   eoeoe ooe e e cooo pacpocpae, a aea oe a  oex acx peea  pecae ecpoe o   a ooc o 20 .
   eepe ooe pecaee ca, cec  eoepc eca ooc o 4,5, a aco - oo oeo-pace coe o 0,3  pa a ce oa o.[1]
   
   

   2 eoa
       
    eoeco ooe apaac o acce oeae cpee ac poo oo cop.  cppe epaoo aaxcaa  aae coeopaoe ooee,   pacoaa  coee oace aeoco  epco caaoc, e epco apo-axaco eoca a e  oo aeoco ocoa a ceepe.  
   apaac cop  co, o  ooceo e p poo opepoa ca cpp.  eoc aoeo-ocao opoa,     eoco cepe aeoooo opaca. 
   eec  pa-pc eoce pao pacooe   pa-pc ca. aae  pa aa ac apaacoo acce.  co accep, ac  ceep ca,    epoao apae. a aae oa opa eec paoo, o apaaco ca a ocoe oeec Aaacco aa. a ee 55 , pa  cpee ac 25 .  pa-pca ca    aoee o ca accea.       coxpac o paa ca o pape eoco o apoa. O xapaep cpoe o ca   c ca (c p p  oo oc aeae opo  epao ac), ocoe oee e paxca  paxaa caa.  eepo ooe ca ec   ,   eeca  oca ,   e coo p  pa-pc cpoco.    poxo oepea aca aa,   x o ooeo , oeae cao ceepo ooeoc ca.  peeax o ac  ca  eaee o paepa e-eca, apaoca  oaca .
   p pa-pco ca coe  po ca  apco  apaaco. a aao pe coxpac  aco,  oceeco cpea eec paoo. aeae opo  paoa poe. eca ae cea opooe, o coooe, e ooex cao  x ape. Ceepoe po pa-pco ca oaec aoee oo, o cec ooa aee opo (o o 25-30?  cpee eo ac  35-50?  ceepo-ocoo). poee pa  ocee cae ocoec ooce pap ape. [1]
   poee oo pa  pa-pco ca xapaepec acao cooc. a ce eo poe opo aco, apco  apaaco c copa  ee pooe aae  cae ca.   o oce ,   eo  poo  o  e apae. Paax pe  cao oeec  peeax 100-400 . a oe px cao oee oee ee, coa oppo x pe. eo oop o xapaep caaoc.  oo pa pa-pco ca xapaep ec ee  opoa cao a ceep. coee x ac poo papa peeceo pocooo xapaepa c oo ao epeee.    e p cao ooe, ceepe  oee pe. eoope  poco, epexo  a ea co paep  a. eo a aapc ao  oe po ca cpeao a oo poe. eec  aeoe oeco oee ex poe px papx ape.  cpc co epeoc opo  ox aco,        epa coe. ecoc coa oceeo eaec  ceepo apae: ca eac  cox paepax. oeco x ape peo copaaec. opo aapaaco c aea e aeo oee cooo.  
   ax e . eaea  cppo ooe pacooeo  aoo ac  a  o-ocoo pe apaaco ca.
    ooo, aoo ac , oca a po o-ocoo pe 75-80, ae ox aco ec o 0 o 20.
   poe aeae pacpocpaec o  290- 450  a cao epxe paoe ace 18,  a e  1 o  760-950 . ac oaac o 10-20, e x , a cpaeo opox epaax o ae,  opa ooo pe epexo o po  ooo ac o-ocooo pa apaaco ca.
   a ooo ac pa ee ooaoe aeae aco ca ocoeo ae ooo ooeo ca,   ceee oc  ceepo-aao apae.
   pa o ca 2,5 , apaee oc ca  a ceepo-aa.  aoo ac apaaco ca ooea aaa caa opae aa epe oc ca, coaa paxcaa cpp.[1]
   p c ao apeoc aeae ox aco ocoeo pap ape.
           .                .    .             . , -,      ,          .      ,            .
         , ,   ,     .         .        .      -     .       ,    .  ,           .      ,     ,   ,   , -  ,      ,   ,     .             .
       ,    .
   1.            -   .
   2.       .
   3.     .    .      .        .
              .
           ,        ,        , . .   -         . [1]
             .    -      .
        -       -   . . .    -   .      .
        ,     ,   10-25      ,      45.                 .
      -      .           .     300-600 ,  , .      .      ,    ,    -.  ,    -  ,          .   . .           . ,             ,    ,        ,    .
             . ,          ,     -  -  ,        .
               - ,             . 
                 .   , -,           (    ),  -,        .               .        ,       ,     .       .
                    ,     .
                  .            ,             .        .......................
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